See Overland Sydney to Port Phillip in Perth Gazette (West Aust), from Melb 12 Feb 1841 - Sydney Herald.|
Coastal Shipping newspaper reports sometimes have lists in the arrival notes, but those who overlanded from Sydney or Adelaide are very difficult to identify.
Cargo and Coastal Ships
Many vessels (at least 200), both small and large, arrived in the port of Melbourne in 1841 from places in Australia. Most originated in major Australian colonial ports like Sydney, Hobart, Launceston and Adelaide, and at least some of these would have been carrying cargo which had been transhipped from vessels arriving from overseas. A smaller, but still significant, number of small vessels (usually less than 100 tons) arrived from outlying settlements such as Twofold Bay (NSW), King Island and Flinders Island (Tasmania) as well as Geelong, Western Port, Portland Bay and Corner Inlet (Victoria).
103 vessels recorded in Geelong Advertiser for 1841
9075 named and 217 unknown arrived from Overseas by Ship to Port Phillip
I have a total of 9075 names. Paid own fares, 381 Cabin, 80 Intermediate and 554 Steerage named and 217 unknown (who travelled Steerage or Intermediate) to PP and listed in the papers of the day.
A combination of reports by the Port Phillip Herald listing arrival of 58 vessels from United Kingdom, and Shipping lists for Bounty passengers, suggests 44 vessels brought 7878 persons came to Port Phillip in 1841 - 1761 single women, 1596 single men and 4521 in families, although at least 43 died during the journey.
The hidden group in Intermediate and Steerage - neither listed in newspaper as arrivals, or named on ship list as bounty, has at least 17 children and 491 adult arrivals, and 87 who went from Port Phillip, during 1841. There are 9081 entries with a surname, 788 paid own fares on Bounty vessels plus 299 on other vessels, plus 194 named staff (Masters, Doctors, Mates, and ignores the approximately 25 Ordinary Seamen employed on each vessel).
January- Salsette [Jan 2], Ariadne [Jan 9], Helen Thompson [Jan 12], Fergusson [Jan 15], Sir Charles Forbes [Jan 21], Nimrod [Jan 26]
February- Georgiana [Feb 23], York [Feb 24]
March- Argyle [Mar 1], Neptune [Mar 28]
April- Fortitude [Apr 3], John Cooper [Apr 4], Argyle [Apr 13],
May- Jupiter [May 5], Benares [May 9], Lady Raffles [May 30],
June- Duchess Of Northumberland [Jun 3], Frankfield [Jun 7]
July- England [Jul 17], Royal Saxon [Jul 17], George Fyfe [Jul 23], Brilliant [Jul 26], Stratheden [Jul 26], William Abrams [Jul 26], Westminster [Jul 29]
August- (Aug 13 reported), Frances [Aug 17], William Metcalfe [Aug 27], Strathfieldsaye [Aug 30]
September- Forth [Sep 19], Middlesex [Sep 30]
October- Thomas Arbuthnot [Oct 2], Agricola [Oct 3], Enmore [Oct 4], Intrinsic [Oct 7], Catherine Jamieson [Oct 22], Grindlay [Oct 22], Lysander [Oct 22]
November- Diamond [Nov 4], Alemena [Oct 17], Wallace [Nov 26], Frances [Nov 28], Allan Kerr [Nov 30], Marquis Of Bute [Nov 30], Mary Nixon [Nov 30]
December- Branken Moor [Dec 12], Ward Chapman [Dec 12], William Mitchell [Dec 16], Agostina [Dec 17], Asia [Dec 19], Gilmore [Dec 24], Alexander [Dec 27],
1 Shipwreck - India burned, 20 drowned, 153 rescued by the Roland and came on the Grindlay.
Authorities refused to pay Bounty, as transfer had not been authorised. This was announced after the Grindlay landed it's destitute passengers who lost all in the fire.
|All arrivals at Port Phillip, recorded in the local newspapers - |
Bounty Vesselshave blue coloured background on these pages
Notes on 127 Vessels which to Port Phillip 1841 with 2435 named passengersplus 41 Bounty Ships each on its own page, total of 276 unknown (paid passengers) and 9012 named (this includes Staff)
Summary notes on Vessels by name - Abeona, Bandicoot, Devonshire, Hamilton, Kilmaurs, Maguasha, Patriot, Tamar,
Abeona, Adelaide brig, Adelaide schooner, Agenoria, Agnes and Elizabeth, Alemena, Alexandrina, Alice, Anne, Aphrasia, Asia, Augustus, Australasian Packet, Bandicoot, Benares, Blossom, Boujah Maiden, Brazil Packet, Britannia, Brothers barque, Brothers brig, Byker, Caroline brig, Caroline ship, Catherine, Challenger, Charlotte, Christina, Clydesdale, Corsair, Devonshire, Diana, Dumfries, Dusty Miller, Eagle, Edina, Elizabeth Lloyd, Ellen and Elizabeth, Emma, Essington, Fairlie, Flinders, Flying Squirrel, Foment, Fortitude, Fox, Gem, Gilbert Jamieson, Glenatron, Governor Arthur, Governor La Trobe, Hamilton, Harriett, Harvest Home, Helen Thompson, Henry, Indemnity, Indus, Industry, Isabella, Itana, James, Jane and Emma, Janet, Jean, Jewess, John Campbell, John Pirie, Jupiter, Kilmaurs, Lady Emma, Lady of St Kilda, Lady of the Lake, Lady Raffles, Lapwing, Lillias, Lively, Lord Hobart, Lorina, Louisa Marianna, Lowestoft, Lucy, Lunar, Maguasha, Maia, Majestic, Margaret, Mariner, Mary, Mary Hay, Mary Jane, Minerva, Naiad, Nerio, New Holland, Nimrod, Orient, Patriot, Paul Pry, Pickwick, Platina, Porter, Rookery, Rovers Bride, Royal Mail, Sarah Bell, Scout, Sea Horse, Shamrock, Singapore, Sir John Franklin, Sisters, Socrates, Sophia Pate, St Helena, Stratheden, Supply, Tamar, Tasman, Tasmania, Thetis, Thomas Crisp, Timbo, Truelove, Truganina, Vesper, Victoria, Will Watch, William Hughes, William Salthouse,
41 Bounty Ships each on its own page, total of 276 unknown (paid passengers) and 9012 named (this includes Staff)
The numbers of sons and daughters does not balance that of children, because some are aged over 14, so counted among the single males and single females. Some family age ranges suggest three generations have come together, an older parent, adult children and infants
Other includes paying passengers when either their names, or the number, is known. Included in this group are those who were refused Bounty status on arrival.
Bounty passengers are counted as number of couples, adults with children, sons and daughters, boys under 18 and girls under 15, husbands, wives, single males and single females. There appears to be a number of couples whose ages suggest a second marriage with step children.
The web page featuring 'Wreck of the William Salthouse, 1841' shows a clear picture of Port Phillip. The 251 ton vessel William Salthouse, was the only trading vessel to try to come from Canada to Port Phillip and it floundered and the loss is reported in The Port Phillip Herald for Tuesday, November 30, 1841.
Customs Regulations 1841Comment Column 2 Page 2, Geelong Advertiser 6 Dec 1841 - on the relaxation requiring vessels to use Williams Town as Port of Entry, where the Captains presented their papers on arrival, although it is not the Port of Discharge
The census of 21 March 1841showed a population for the Port Philip District of 11,758 (Melbourne 4,479).
Bounty 4632 family members, 1686 girls, 2414 men (despite rule that number of men must be less than that of single women, to receive Bounty allowance).
Geelong Advertiser for 17 July 1841 reports I have NOT corrected the additions
began 1st Nov, 1998
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